Top 5 Indian Science and Mathematics Contributions to the World

Chirag Mali

Zero and Decimal System 

India's most influential contribution to mathematics is the concept of zero (0) and the decimal system. These foundational concepts revolutionized mathematics, paving the way for advanced arithmetic and algebraic calculations. 

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Aryabhata's Astronomical Discoveries 

Aryabhata, a renowned Indian mathematician and astronomer from the 5th century CE, made significant contributions to trigonometry and astronomy. 

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Trigonometry and Sine Function 

Indian mathematicians, particularly from Kerala, made substantial advancements in trigonometry. Madhava of Sangamagrama and other Kerala school mathematicians developed infinite series expansions for trigonometric functions 

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Ayurveda - Ancient Medical System 

India's contributions to science also include Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine. Ayurveda emphasizes holistic health, herbal remedies, surgical techniques, and lifestyle practices. 

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Metallurgy and Alloys 

Ancient Indian metallurgists excelled in the knowledge of alloys and metalworking. The Iron Pillar of Delhi, dating back to the 4th century CE, showcases exceptional rust resistance, indicating advanced ironworking techniques. 

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