The Silent Thief of Sight

What You Need to Know About Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, leading to progressive and irreversible vision loss. It is often called the “silent thief of sight” because it typically has no symptoms in the early stages, and vision loss may go unnoticed until it is advanced.

Understanding Glaucoma

The exact cause of glaucoma is not known, but high pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure) is a significant risk factor for the development and progression of the disease. Other risk factors include age, family history of glaucoma, certain medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure, and previous eye injuries or surgeries.

Causes

In the early stages, glaucoma often has no noticeable symptoms. As the disease progresses, it can cause a gradual loss of peripheral vision, tunnel vision, and eventually, blindness.

Symptoms

Treatment for glaucoma aims to lower the intraocular pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. The treatment options for glaucoma include:

Treatment options

These are the most common form of treatment and work by reducing the production of fluid in the eye or increasing the drainage of fluid from the eye.

Eye Drops

Treatment options

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These may be prescribed if eye drops are not effective in lowering intraocular pressure.

Oral Medications

Treatment options

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Laser trabeculoplasty and iridotomy are commonly used laser procedures that can improve the drainage of fluid from the eye and lower intraocular pressure.

Laser Therapy

Treatment options

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In some cases, surgery may be necessary to create a new drainage channel for fluid to leave the eye or to implant a drainage device.

Surgery

Treatment options

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If neglected, glaucoma is a dangerous eye condition that can result in permanent vision loss. Therefore, it is crucial to increase glaucoma awareness.

Conclusion

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