Top Five Issues Every Woman Should Understand

Top Five Issues Every Woman Should Understand
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Women experience many health problems, from pregnancy and menopause to gynaecological conditions. Several of these health issues are on account of different metabolic activities or malfunctioning of the endocrine system. Many women tend to neglect their health as they give more priority to the care of their surroundings. However, self-care is very important and it is also important to have a system of self-care to experience positive health and well-being. Certain health issues if detected early can be treated in a better way. All women need to be aware of common health problems in their bodies and detect early warning signs of major health issues with proper knowledge.


1. Heart disease

Nowadays heart disease is the leading cause of death for women and men. However, women may not recognize their symptoms as a heart attack and dismiss it, as a rigorous workout is too hard for a woman and people assume that the fatigue is natural. Post-menopause and early menstruation are uncontrollable and are natural risk factors for heart diseases in women. Low oestrogen after menopause increases blood pressure and cholesterol level. However, many risk factors can trigger a heart issue in a female.


High blood pressure

High blood cholesterol


Physical inactivity


Solution: You can reduce your risk for heart disease by adopting a heart-friendly healthy lifestyle.


2. Breast Cancer

The most frequent type of cancer in women is breast cancer. Breast cancer originates in the breast due to the malfunctioning of certain cells that grow abnormally. The ducts and lobules are the two parts of the breast that are more prompt to develop cancer cells. Research has shown that women with the following lifestyle habits have an increased chance of developing breast cancer:

Alcohol consumption


High weight or obesity

Limited exercise

Poor diet

Solution: Monthly self-examinations can help you identify any changes in your breasts, which is the key step for its diagnosis.


3. Osteoporosis

One out of two women experiences osteoporosis during their lifetime. This silent disease starts long before problems thrive. It affects older women the most after menopause, causing their bones to break more easily. The hip, spine and wrist are most vulnerable to fractures or breaks in osteoporosis. Early awareness helps protect your bones the better.

Solution: All women can help prevent osteoporosis by getting enough calcium and vitamin D, and strengthening bones with weight-bearing exercises.


4. Depression

More women experience depression compared to men. This silent disease affects a woman’s ability to work, sleep, eat and be happy. Factors that contribute to depression include genes, hormones, stress, and lifestyle also. During a hormonal change in women, their brain chemistry also changes which affects their feelings also. During puberty, after having a baby and during or after menopause, are the common stages in a woman’s life when they experience depression.

Solution: Women who feel sadness very frequently should talk to a doctor or therapist. A therapist can often treat depression with counselling sessions, and in some cases, medications may help as well. However, many antidepressants carry severe side effects.


5. Thyroid problems

Thyroid imbalance is twice as common in women as in men and is prevalent among women of childbearing age (18-35 years). Women generally have hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone levels), in which the metabolism(the chemical reactions in the body’s cells that change food into energy) slows down. Symptoms include –


More sensitivity to cold


Dry skin

Weight gain

Puffy face

Hoarse voice

Coarse hair and skin


On the other hand, high thyroid levels can also cause early onset of menopause, before 40 years or in the early 40s. Symptoms include –

Losing weight without trying

Fast heartbeat, a condition called tachycardia

An irregular heartbeat is also called arrhythmia

The pounding of the heart which is called heart palpitation

Increased hunger

Nervousness, anxiety and irritability

Tremor, usually a tiny trembling in the hands and fingers


Solution: Treatment for hypothyroidism usually involves taking thyroid hormone medicine every day. This medicine is taken orally. It balances hormone levels to a healthy range and removes symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Besides these, pregnancy also can raise the level of thyroid hormones in the blood. Almost 5% to 10% of women suffer from postpartum thyroiditis, which generally occurs within a year after delivery.






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