Some Issues Specific to Women’s Health

Some Issues Specific to Women’s Health
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Some of the health issues, affect both men and women but affect women differently as their reproductive system is more complicated than men’s. Unique issues include pregnancy, menopause, conditions of the female reproductive organs(infertility), UTIs, STDs etc. With the proper awareness, women can have healthy pregnancies. The effects of sexually transmitted diseases and urinary tract problems can be more harmful in women. Some discussed here with their solution:


1. Sexually transmitted diseases:

Sexually transmitted diseases (like Hepatitis, Herpes, HIV/AIDS, Human Papillomavirus (HPV), Mycoplasma genitalium etc.) are transmitted from one person to another through vaginal, anal, or oral sexual contact. Symptoms of an STD include

Vaginal itching


Unusual discharge


Solution: Many STIs display no symptoms by any means. Left untreated, they can lead to fertility problems and an increased chance of cervical cancer. These risks make it even more important to have safer sex and discuss it with your partner.


2. Urinary tract infections:

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur when germs infect the urethra and start to multiply. They are particularly common in women, as they have a shorter urethra. This decreases the length bacteria have to travel to reach the bladder. Symptoms of a UTI include

Frequent urination

Pain or burning when urinating

Cloudy urine

Solution: While a UTI can go away on its own with a strong immune system, a physician can prescribe antibiotics if necessary. If UTIs become a recurring problem, then other tests can reveal if the urinary tract is normal.


3. Reproductive Health Issues:

Infertility is typically defined as the inability to achieve pregnancy after one year of unprotected intercourse. Women with a history of irregular periods, above the age of 35, or who have a known cause of infertility seek management after attempting pregnancy.

Some of the more common risk factors for infertility include:

Age and weight.

Hormonal imbalance

Ovulation problem

The overall functioning of the reproductive system

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

Environmental factors and lifestyle choices.

Medical treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

Sexually transmitted infections or prior ectopic pregnancies(when a fertilised egg implants itself outside of the womb, usually in one of the fallopian tubes).

Surgery within the pelvis, especially involving the ovaries and fallopian tubes.



Maintaining a healthy diet and weight (ideally a BMI between 18 and 35)

Stop/never start smoking or excessive alcohol and drug use.

Quick identification and management of sexually transmitted diseases.

Limit exposure to toxic chemicals or treatments.


4. Menstruation problems:

It is very common for women to have issues with periods, including heavy, minimal, missed or irregular periods. Period cramps are another health issue among women. Heavy menstrual bleeding is menstrual blood loss or periods lasting more than seven days. Heavy menstruation problems can interfere with daily life and even result in iron deficiency anaemia in severe cases. Another problem that women face with periods is pre-menstruation syndrome (PMS). The common symptoms of PMS include weight gain, changes in appetite, abdominal pain, back pain, headache, nausea, constipation, anxiety, mood swings, swelling of the breasts, etc. These symptoms occur within a few days before menstruation.

Solution: Concern your doctor, if you have any menstrual problems to rule out the fundamental cause for proper treatment.


5. Gynaecological Health – Ovarian and Cervical Cancer:

Ovarian Cancer

Ovaries are walnut-sized organs located on both sides of the uterus. Ovarian cancer starts in the ovaries. Cancer can start in any of the complex cells within the ovaries and since ovaries are women-specific organs, this type of cancer is only found in women.

The biggest drawback of ovarian cancer is that it often shows no symptoms until after it has spread outside of the ovaries. Even then, symptoms tend to be uncertain and are unlike those of other more common diseases.

Ovarian cancer diagnosis

You may have one or more of the following tests for its diagnosis:

Pelvic exam


CT scan

CA-125 blood test


Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the occurrence of abnormal growth of the cells of the cervix. The cervix is the lower end of the uterus that connects the uterus to the vagina.

Cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infection is very common in females and often goes away on its own. However, in some instances, over time, HPV can lead to cervical cancer. HPV infection is strongly capable to start cervical cancer. But most women with HPV do not develop cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer diagnosis

You may also have one or more of these tests for diagnosis:

Pap and HPV tests



(A biopsy is the only confirmatory test for cancer. In this process, small pieces of tissue are taken from the cervix and then checked for cancer cells)

Solution Typically, it is treated by surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of many treatments. With early detection, it can be cured completely. For this awareness plays the main role.


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