Behind the Scenes: Unveiling the Workings of the Indian Parliament

Behind the Scenes: Unveiling the Workings of the Indian Parliament


The Indian Parliament is the epicentre of democratic governance in the country, where elected representatives come together to debate, legislate, and shape the nation’s destiny. While its sessions and debates capture public attention, there is much more to the workings of the Indian Parliament than meets the eye. In this article, we will take a closer look behind the scenes of the Indian Parliament, exploring its structure, functions, committees, and the intricate processes that drive its functioning. By unveiling the inner workings of this democratic institution, we aim to provide a comprehensive understanding of the Indian Parliament’s role in shaping the nation.


The Structure of the Indian Parliament:

The Indian Parliament is a bicameral legislature, consisting of two houses – the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Lok Sabha is the lower house, comprising directly elected representatives from across the country. The Rajya Sabha is the upper house, representing India’s states and union territories. Together, these houses form the backbone of India’s legislative system, ensuring that the voices of the people and the states are heard and considered.


Functions and Powers:

The Indian Parliament performs three main functions: legislative, executive, and deliberative. As the primary legislative body, it has the power to make and pass laws on a wide range of subjects. Bills, and proposed laws, go through a rigorous process of debate, scrutiny, and voting in both houses before becoming acts. The Parliament also exercises executive functions by holding the government accountable for its policies and actions. Members of Parliament have the authority to question ministers, demand explanations, and contribute to policy discussions.


Committees: The Backbone of Parliamentary Work:

Parliamentary committees play a vital role in the functioning of the Indian Parliament. They are smaller groups of members, specialized in specific areas, responsible for detailed examination, study, and analysis of bills, policies, and matters referred to them. These committees provide a platform for in-depth discussions, expert opinions, and inputs from stakeholders. They contribute to effective lawmaking, ensuring that proposed legislation is thoroughly examined and scrutinized before being presented to the Parliament.


Procedures and Processes :

The Indian Parliament follows a set of established procedures and processes to maintain order, facilitate debate, and ensure efficient functioning. Sessions are organized into question hours, zero hours, and debates on bills, where members present their views, raise concerns, and engage in lively discussions. The Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha play crucial roles in maintaining decorum and overseeing the proceedings. The Speaker is elected from among the members of the Parliament of Lok Sabha, for the Rajya Sabha, the Vice-President is the ex-officio chairperson.



Behind the scenes of the Indian Parliament lies a complex web of processes, committees, and structures that drive its functioning. From the legislative powers it holds to the extensive deliberations and discussions, the Indian Parliament serves as a platform for democratic decision-making and governance. By unveiling the inner workings of this institution, we gain a deeper understanding of how laws are made, policies are shaped, and the voices of the people are represented. The Indian Parliament stands as a testament to the strength of India’s democratic system, embodying the spirit of collective governance and progress.

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